Less Than Human: Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others



 Winner of the 2012 Anisfield-Wolf  

Award for non-fiction


“In this powerful and original work—ranging widely and with impressive interdisciplinary scope over different epochs and cultures while remaining compellingly readable—David Livingstone Smith demonstrates that our practice of representing our fellow-humans as subhuman is both inhuman and all too human. He forces us to recognize that monstrous atrocities are routinely carried out not by monsters but, alas, by ourselves.”                                                                                                                                       − Charles W. Mills, CUNY Graduate Center

 “This is a beautiful book on an ugly topic. David Livingstone Smith uses the newest research in cognitive science to address the problems of racism, genocide, and atrocity, presenting a provocative theory as to why we come to see others as less than human. There are deep and important ideas here, and this engaging book should be read by anyone interested in the worst aspects of human nature − and how we can come to transcend them.”                                                                                                         − Paul Bloom, Yale University